FILM AUSTRALIA COLLECTION

Title Details

New Caledonia - A Land in Search of Itself

This film outlines the political conflict between the Melanesians who want independence from France and the locally born Caledonians and immigrant Polynesians who want to retain French links.
Series : Human Face of the Pacific, The | Episode : 4 | Year : 1983 | Total Duration : 28 Minutes | Producer : Dennis O'Rourke (Series Producer), Oliver Howes (Producer), Ian Adkins (Assistant Producer)
Director : Oliver Howes |
WS street demonstration, MS three men linking hands and GS people with loudhailers. Aerials over crowds of demonstrators marching down street. MS Kanak leader agitating for Independence speaking into microphone at rally. WS of green rolling countryside with wooded mountains in background.
Access No. 136639 | 52 secs | 1980s | New Caledonia | © Contact Film Australia Collection Library | Colour |
VS men and women on horseback with whips herding cattle through gates and dips and into pens. Voice over from man. Justin Guillemard riding horse in t-shirt of Melanesian descent standing for the pro-French Republican Party. Interview with him voicing his objection to the move towards tribal ownership and enlargement of Melanesian reserves rather favouring private ownership. WS cattle in pen.
Access No. 136656 | 1 min 38 secs | 1980s | New Caledonia | © Contact Film Australia Collection Library | Colour |
Zoom out from WS of white chapel to stone "Bourail" memorial in honour of France's possession of the colony of New Caledonia. VS canons and mounted guns in different possessions all aligned to protect the capital Noumea. WS of main harbour. WS Noumea seen across water. High angle shot over boats moored at marina and zoom out to headlands and islands across sea.
Access No. 136658 | 36 secs | 1980s | New Caledonia | © Contact Film Australia Collection Library | Colour |
High shot over business district of Noumea with mountains and sea in distance. MS couple sitting at cafe table smoking and drinking and VS other cafe goers. Track following two women riding small motorbikes in busy street and GS people in streets. WS Central Park and VS people segmented into groups with Melanesian family sitting on park bench and under trees.
Access No. 136660 | 36 secs | 1980s | New Caledonia | © Contact Film Australia Collection Library | Colour |
Tilt down from statue of soldier atop monument to stone monument heavily graffitied with GS small Melanesian children gathered around base. GS exterior of first Melanesian-owned dress shop set up by political party LKS. CU of Melanesian woman sewing at machine. MS interview with LKS founder Nedoish Naisaline explaining how they came to set up the shop. Pan from finished dresses to women working at sewing machines. MS woman sewing.
Access No. 136661 | 43 secs | 1980s | New Caledonia | © Contact Film Australia Collection Library | Colour |
CU Nedoish Naisaline, founder of Liberation Kanak Socialiste (LKS) and zoom out to his family eating around kitchen table. CUs fish being cut with cleaver, rice being sieved in sink and potatoes being peeled. VS of restaurant kitchen activity in the first Kanak restaurant in Noumea set up to empower the Kanak culture, economy and especially women. VS restaurant.
Access No. 136662 | 52 secs | 1980s | Noumea, New Caledonia | © Contact Film Australia Collection Library | Colour |
CU interview with Nedoish Naisaline, founder of Liberation Kanak Socialiste (LKS) about his political activity and his efforts to develop his dress shop as a cooperative. .
Access No. 136668 | 1 min 13 secs | 1980s | New Caledonia | © Contact Film Australia Collection Library | Colour |
1982 B&W footage of pro-French right wingers invading the Territorial Assembly and ensuing fight. Zoom out from anti-Independence demonstration in the streets which followed broken up by police firing tear gas into crowd and pursuing demonstrators. VS police and others carrying injured demonstrators. The demonstration was against proposed land reforms which would favour Melanesians.
Access No. 136669 | 35 secs | 1980s | New Caledonia | © Contact Film Australia Collection Library | B&W |
High shot over terraced hillside and forested hills beyond. WS then MS of woman digging on terraced slope to plant taro in the traditional way. VS of the irrigation and planting process. Zoom to huts surrounded by palm trees in valley below. Zoom out from two bulls on lower slopes to reveal unused terraces behind. VS wheat harvester and wide fields with woman talking about her family's ties to the land.
Access No. 136670 | 2 mins 31 secs | 1980s | New Caledonia | © Contact Film Australia Collection Library | Colour |
VS Gaston Morles, representative of FNSC, a centre party seeking recognition for the up country white settlers walking amongst cattle on station. MS interview with Morles in restaurant giving some political history. MS Mrs Kabar at her property taking up the story. Interview with Mr Kabar, a white settler who in his fields explains that he farms in the Melanesian tradition so has good relations with the Melanese. MS Morles talking next to him.
Access No. 136671 | 1 min 45 secs | 1980s | New Caledonia | © Contact Film Australia Collection Library | Colour |
MS women making coffees behind bar of cafe. WS Nickel Reserve building and VS workers in hard hats. CU interview with Gaston Morles, representative of FNSC sitting in cafe talking about the huge influx of imported labour who did not relate to the existing populace but were given the right to vote after six months residency.
Access No. 136672 | 1 min 40 secs | 1980s | New Caledonia | © Contact Film Australia Collection Library | Colour |
High angle WS over crowd of 25,000 demonstrating against Independence in May 1983. Pan across crowd to banners. GS arrival of Georges Lemoine, French Secretary of State for Overseas Territories in New Caledonia and shaking hands with line of dignitaries before leaving in car. High shots over pro-Independence Kanaks marching with VS of police and others separating the two demonstrations.
Access No. 136673 | 1 min 13 secs | 1980s | New Caledonia | © Contact Film Australia Collection Library | Colour |
VS demonstration crowds listening to speakers. VS Pro-Independence marchers and supporters including one young Melanesian woman wearing Kanak Independence Now t-shirt.
Access No. 136674 | 16 secs | 1980s | New Caledonia | © Contact Film Australia Collection Library | Colour |
B&W photograph of political speaker Jean-Marie Tjibaou, leader of Union Caledonien and also New Caledonia's Vice President.
Access No. 136676 | 9 secs | 1980s | New Caledonia | © Contact Film Australia Collection Library | Colour |
MS of Jean-Marie Tjibaou, leader of Union Caledonian and also New Caledonia's Vice President speaking about his group's fundamental claim for dignity and the Kanak's right to decide the destiny of their country. High shot over city buildings in Noumea and VS French and immigrant population walking in the streets. Track following police van travelling around corner.
Access No. 136677 | 1 min 42 secs | 1980s | New Caledonia | © Contact Film Australia Collection Library | Colour |
VS Jean-Marie Tjibaou, leader of Union Caledonian and also New Caledonia's Vice President talking at conference table with others about imminent festival widely seen as a Kanak Nationalist statement. VS Tjibaou's wife Marie-Claude fanning her baby held by a cousin. WS two of the three other sons, Joel, Emanuel and Jean-Phillipe, watching television in their home and the family leaving the house.
Access No. 136681 | 1 min 45 secs | 1980s | New Caledonia | © Contact Film Australia Collection Library | Colour |
GS Jean-Marie Tjibaou and his family getting into car and travelling through rural land on the six hour trip to Tjibaou's village of Hiengene. Tracks alongside and behind the travelling car. Travelling shots past stepped green hillsides arriving at village of thatched roof huts above a valley. WS of the valley and VS of Tjibaou as he tells the story of the land struggles between the Kanaks and French settlers and resulting 1917 revolt.
Access No. 136682 | 2 mins 16 secs | 1980s | New Caledonia | © Contact Film Australia Collection Library | Colour |
MS Marie-Claude Tjibaou picking grapefruit from tree and GS packaging bundle of cloths and money and a gift for the new baby. WS of three ceremonial long lengths of fabric being used for packing. Zoom out from Marie-Claude breastfeeding baby Pascal. MS male relatives deciding on tribal name of Doui for Pascal. CU Pascal feeding on breast.
Access No. 136683 | 1 min 37 secs | 1980s | New Caledonia | © Contact Film Australia Collection Library | Colour |
GS barbecuing lamb on spit and someone handing Marie-Claude Tjibaou a drink as she sits outside breastfeeding baby Pascal. MS leader of the Pro-French Republican Party Jacques Lafleur sitting at desk. Interview with Lafleur giving his view on New Caledonia's political state.
Access No. 136684 | 1 min 52 secs | 1980s | New Caledonia | © Contact Film Australia Collection Library | Colour |
WS Territorial Assembly building exterior and VS politician shaking hands with voters before Senatorial election before ascending staircase to cast ballots. VS around tally room and much applause at the announcement of winner Deek(?) Ukeiwe, the Pro-French candidate. Comments from Pro-French Republican Jacques Lafleur sitting behind desk.
Access No. 136685 | 1 min 51 secs | 1980s | New Caledonia | © Contact Film Australia Collection Library | Colour |
GS flags being raised in a ceremony at the place where French colonials took possession took place. MS New Caledonien leader Jean-Marie Tjibaou speaking into microphone and WS of Kanak crowds gathered to hear New Caledonia being declared their country. VS Kanaks from various regions coming together and dancing in ceremonial dress or looking on.
Access No. 136688 | 1 min 9 secs | 1980s | New Caledonia | © Contact Film Australia Collection Library | Colour |
MS New Caledonien leader Jean-Marie Tjibaou speaking to camera about the need to regain the Kanak voice. Good WS of acres of pale gold wheat fields with hills and mountains in distance. WS children singing and jumping rope in front of thatch roofed hut. WS cattle running across screen, Kanak woman farming and children playing around children. VS politicians boarding plane from tarmac.
Access No. 136690 | 1 min 2 secs | 1980s | New Caledonia | © Contact Film Australia Collection Library | Colour |